SENTENCE কাকে বলে ?কত প্রকার ও কী কী? পিডিএফ ডাউনলোড


SENTENCE কাকে বলে ?কত প্রকার কী কী?

পিডিএফ ডাউনলোড

  1. SENTENCE কাকে বলে ?

উ: যে শব্দ গুচ্ছ মনের ভাব বা ধারনা

সম্পূর্ণরুপে প্রকাশ করে তা কে SENTENCE বলে ।

  1. SENTENCE কত প্রকার ও কি কি?

উ: অর্থভেদে sentence ৫ প্রকার ।

  1. Assertive sentence (বিবৃতিমূলক)।
  2. Interrogative sentence (প্রশ্নবোধক)।
  3. Imperative sentenceর্ (অনুঙ্গা বাচক)।
  4. Optative sentence (প্রার্থনামূলক)।
  5. Exclamatory sentence (বিস্ময়সূচক)।


What Is It

01.Assertive sentence : যে sentence দ্বারা কোন বিবৃতি প্রদান করা হয় তাকে Assertive sentence বলে ।

Assertive sentence ২ প্রকার :

  1. Affirmative sentence :

sub.+verb+Object +place +time +ext.

She is well today

ii.Negative sentence :

sub.+a/v ( auxiliary verb)+not+verb + place+ time+ others.

She is not well today

02.Interrogative sentence : যে sentence দ্বারা

কোন প্রশ্ন করা হয় ।

Question word+auxiliary verb+sub+principal verb


Where did he live ?

Where did he go yesterday?

03.Imperative sentence : যে sentence দ্বারা


নিষেধ ইত্যাদি বোঝায় ।

Social english


  1. verb+extension.

Don’t go .

  1. নিষেধ বোঝালে:Don’t+sub+verb+ext.

Don’t open the door .

iii. অনুরোধ বোঝালে: please/kindly +verb+ext.

please help me

iv.let এর জন্য:let+1st person/3rd person এর obj.


let me / him go out.

04.Optative sentence: যে sentence এ মনের

ইচ্ছা বা প্রার্থনা প্রকাশ পায় ।


May you prosper day by day.

05.Exclamatory sentence: যে sentence এ মনের

আকস্মিক অনুভূতি প্রকাশ পায়।

Structure: what a/an বা how+adjective+sub.


What a fine bird it is !

How beautiful you are !

Alas/Hurrah এর জন্য:

Structure: Alas/Hurrah+!+sub.+verb+extension.Voice

Alas ! I am undone!

If/had এর জন্য:


If I were a k!

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অর্থ বা কাজের ওপর ভিত্তি করে ইংরেজিতে Sentence কে সাধারণত পাঁচ ভাগে ভাগ করা যায়।

They are:-

Assertive Sentence.

Interrogative Sentence.

Imperative Sentence.

Optative Sentence.

Exclamatory Sentence.

Assertive Sentence:

An assertive sentence is a simple/general statement or assertion, either affirmative or negative.

কোনো সাধারণ বিবৃতি বা বক্তব্যকে Assertive Sentence (বিবৃতিমূলক বাক্য) বলে


Subject + verb + object/complement/adverb/adjective


-English is an International Language. (Affirmative)

-We do not do bad things. (Negative)

-Everybody should know English. (Modal auxiliaries)

how you learn wh-question


Interrogative Sentence:

An interrogative sentence asks question about a person or thing(s). It always ends with a note of interrogation a.k.a. question mark (?).

There are two ways to form an interrogative sentence.

  1. Beginning with helping verbs (am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had) or modal auxiliaries (shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might, etc.).


– Do you have your assignment ready?

– Does he speak English?

– Did she work abroad?

– Should I go there?

– Can you hear the sound?

– Don’t you want any food? (Negative)

  1. Beginning with some specific words like who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whom, how much, how many, etc. [These are known as ‘WH’ questions.]


– How is your business going on?

– Who fixed the computer?

– Whom do you support?

– What are you expecting from me?

– What time is it now?

– How many people have died there?

Imperative Sentence:

A sentence that expresses a request, command, order, advice, suggestion, etc. is an imperative sentence.

In an imperative sentence, the subject is usually unexpressed; it is understood rather.


Subject (Invisible) + verb + object / where


– Take care of you.

– Give me the pen.

– Do it now.

– Be honest.

– Come here

– Never tell a lie

– Do not laugh at other’s helplessness.

– Let him go there.

Caution: You must do your duty. (It is an assertive sentence, not an imperative sentence.)

Optative Sentence:

Wish, desire, prayer, etc. are expressed by the Optative sentence.


May + Assertive


– May you live long.

– May Allah bless you.

– Wish you all the best.

– Long live INDIA. (Can be formed without ‘may’)

Exclamatory Sentence:

Exclamatory is a sentence which expresses strong/sudden feeling or emotion like surprise, pain, delight, anger, disgust, etc.


Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/ What/ How etc. + Others


– Hurrah! Our cricket team has won the series.

– Alas! He has failed the competition.

– Bravo! You have done a great job.

– What a talented girl she is!

– How sweetly the cuckoo sings!

– What a wonderful land Bangladesh is!

– Were I a Super Hero!

– What a pity!

– Fantastic!

– What an idea!

– Put that down now!

– Leave the package at the door.

– Walk softly, please.Structure of a Sentence:

According to structure, sentences are of three types.

  1. Simple Sentence.
  2. Complex Sentence.

III. Compound Sentence.

  1. Simple Sentence:

Simple sentence is structured with only one subject and one finite verb.

Simple sentence has only one independent clause.


Subject + finite verb + complement


– India is a populated country

– Life is not a bed of roses

– Human is the superior in this planet.

  1. Complex Sentence:

A sentence consisting of one principal clause and one or more sub-ordinate clause(s) is a complex sentence.


– If you work hard, you will shine in life. (Here, ‘if you work hard’ is sub-ordinate clause and ‘you will shine in life’ is main or principal clause.)

Sub-ordinate clause begins with conjunctions like who, which, that, when, how, where, while, if, whether, because, since, as, though, although, till, until, unless, before, after, so that, whenever, wherever, whoever, whatever, etc.


– I know where he lives.

– I do not know what his name is.

– While there is life there is hope.

– We eat so that we can survive.

III. Compound Sentence:

A sentence having more than one principal clauses, linked by one or more coordinating conjunctions, preceded by a comma, is called compound sentence.

Conjunctions that are used in compound sentences are and, but, or, for, nor, also, however, moreover, thus, so, therefore, else, still, as well as, accordingly, otherwise, yet, not yet, but also, either or, neither nor, on the contrary, etc.


– Respect others, and others will respect you.

– He loves us, but he does not show it.

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